Terence Renaud is a postdoctoral associate and lecturer in the Humanities Program and history department at Yale. He received his Ph.D. in history from the University of California, Berkeley. Currently he is finishing his first book, New Lefts: The Making of a Radical Tradition, 1930-1970, which argues that the New Left activism that swept across Europe during the 1960s actually drew on radical precedents dating back to the interwar years. By analyzing the historical process by which “new lefts” changed into “old lefts,” the book identifies the patterns of militant behavior, non-party forms of organization, and recurrent theoretical problems that made up the phenomenon of neoleftism. Avant-garde antifascists and anti-authoritarians in Germany, France, Britain, and elsewhere represented the twentieth century’s most creative attempts to transform capitalist society and culture. He is also preparing a second project on the social and political metaphor of “the underground.” At Yale he teaches in Directed Studies and offers courses on the social responsibility of intellectuals, theories and practices of resistance, and modern revolutions.